Legal Status of Syrian Rue


Legal Status in the United Nations:

Harmala is not listed on the Yellow List (List of Narcotic Drugs under International Control), the Green List (List of Psychotropic Substances under International Control), nor the Red List (List of Precursors and Chemicals Frequently Used in the Illicit Manufacture of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances under International Control).

Legal Status in the United States:

Peganum harmala is not listed specifically in the Schedules to the US Controlled Substances Act and is not mentioned anywhere on the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) website.  Therefore, Syrian Rue is uncontrolled as far as the DEA is concerned.  As of March 2022 The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) confiscates Syrian Rue in US Customs.  Curiously, though it be legal it is prohibited.  The USDA has recently unpublished the legality of Syrian Rue.  The following screen shot was taken from their website prior to the removal of legal information about Syrian Rue.  Notice that the USDA openly restricts Peganum Harmala in Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Oregon.  Below is a screenshot taken from the USDA website in September 2019 specifying the six US states where Peganum Harmala is regulated to prevent it becoming an invasive species.


In practice the USDA may seize ANY international shipment of Peganum Harmala to ANY state – even where the plant is unregulated and uncontrolled.  Technically the USDA is violating US law by tampering with mail containing uncontrolled substances when that mail is destined for  states like North Carolina where there is no legal regulation of the plant.


I contested this (illegal) confiscation of Syrian Rue with the USDA.  I showed them the information from their own website showing that I was in a region where Syrian Rue is unregulated.  The USDA said that they had destroyed the Syrian Rue seeds.  They had neither apology nor explanation for taking my mail. The USDA was not able to reimburse me for their error.  I reported the fraudulent business of the USDA to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) who did respond to me and created an FTC reference number(89098449) to my claim against the USDA.

Conclusion:  In the United States the authorities may arbitrarily confiscate any package containing Syrian Rue, regardless of the actual laws.


The big pharma war on plants has increased the prohibition of this legal plant in recent years with a dramatic upswing in USDA confiscation during 2022

In 2018, authorities in North Carolina confiscated my Syrian Rue and other plants then imprisoned me for a year because they found a tenth of a gram of DMT in my home and some solvent with a small amount of DMT in it.  Read more about it here:

State authorities rarely consider Federal sentencing guidelines for DMT recommend that 1 gram of DMT be punished equivalent to 100 grams of cannabis.

DEA Fact Sheet for DMT



The importation of Peganum harmala or any other harmine/harmaline containing herbal material into Australia is prohibited under the Customs Act 1901, Regulations, Schedule 4 (Drugs).  The export of Peganum harmala or any other harmine/harmaline containing herbal material is prohibited under Schedule 8 (export regulations) of the Customs Act.  Consumption of any harmine/harmaline containing material is prohibited under state legislation in most Australian states.


Peganum harmala is included under item 9 of Schedule III to the CDSA and is a controlled substance.

The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) recommends regulating Peganum harmala as a quarantine pest under the Plant Protection Act, placing this species on the List of Pests Regulated by Canada and regulating the plant as a prohibited noxious weed under the Weed Seeds Order of the Seeds Act.

Regulate Peganum harmala as a prohibited noxious weed (Class 1) under the Weed Seeds Order of the Seeds Act1. This species meets the definitions for Class 12 species under the Weed Seeds Order.  Canadian Food Inspection Agency.

This measure will complement measures already in place under the CDSA to regulate Peganum harmala. It will further ensure that seeds of the plant are not allowed entry into Canada. Regulate as a quarantine pest under the Plant Protection Act. Add this species to the List of Pests Regulated by Canada (CFIA 2009) in order to:Further prevent the importation, movement, and cultivation of this species in Canada.


As of May 3, 2005,  Peganum harmala, harmine, harmaline, tetrahydroharmine (THH), haroml, and harmalol are on the list of controlled substances.